Monday, March 29, 2010

Introducing ABS+

Natural Justice published an article in the ECO, the CBD Alliance's bulletin, entitled, "ABS+". In the article, we argue that whether ABS delivers environmental and social benefits (ABS+) is contingent on how it is used by individual communities living within diverse ecosystems. Thus, the implementation of ABS must be responsive to local communities and the ecosystems in which they live. The article concludes: "If the subject of ABS is genetic resources and associated TK, then 'sustainable ABS' is incumbent upon communities' abilities to sustain their knowledge, innovations and practices (Article 8(j)) through their continued customary uses of natural resources (Article 10(c)). Whether ABS can assist communities to do so is to ask what ABS can contribute to communities whose ways of life are commensurate with the objectives of the CBD. A clue to that answer lies in the extent to which national governments support and respect communities' rights to manage their own natural resources and to engage with ABS according to the principle of free, prior and informed consent. In this context, and with reference to a recent article about land tenure and REDD by Lorenzo Cotula, we ask: will ABS be implemented with communities as a starting point or as an afterthought?" The full article can be read on our resources page and on the CBD Alliance homepage.

1 comment:

Tanco Lab Product said...

why sterilization is necessary

You might have been listening when Doctors recommend boiling water for few minutes to make it disinfectant or you have seen when most of Doctors use to boil their tools into the water for several minutes to sterilize them. Now why they do so and what will happen if tools are not sterilized. Now here in Tanco will provide an answer to all these questions arises. Why is this so necessary and what is its applicability in different industries.
What is Sterilization?
Sterilization is a process of destroying of all forms of living microorganisms from articles. Articles having direct interaction or application on humans and animals are subjected to be sterilization. These materials include drugs, surgical equipment or tools, food, etc. Sterilization is done to keep the substance for a long time without decay or safe for medical use.
Secondly, a substance that is not sterilized may contain microbes as fungi, bacteria or viruses which may cause infections when consumed or apply on human or animal body. So sterilization is very necessary and unavoidable. The microbes are invisible to naked eye, and even those like bacteria have a protective cover on their surface making them resistant to sterilization.
Now Doctors and Lab Technicians use to boil their tools and equipment into the water for few minutes to assure that articles have been free from any micro organism and safe for further use. Now, this was about the sterilization before any procedure in most of the institution as a hospital, laboratory etc. But Sterilization is also necessary for medical or laboratory wastes.
Now we all know about waste produced in our daily life, but what the difference between ordinary waste and medical waste is. You might have seen yellow, Red, Blue and Black dustbin in Hospital or in laboratory etc. This is only to manage waste produced from suchinstitutions. This mostly contains medical waste. This type of waste may contain human tissue or other medical articles which cannot be disposed directly before sterilization and proper incineration.
Why Sterilization is necessary
Medical waste may contain tissue and other articles used in medical procedures as bandages, plaster, needles etc which may cause infection to anyone if it has not been sterilized before dispose of i.e incineration. The process of incineration includes shredding, in which articles have been cut into small pieces so as it may dispose and finally these waste is subject to burn in a closed chamber. The ashes of the bio-medical waste are then buried under the soil using the guidelines mentioned by the government.
Salient Features & Construction
Double walled unit horizontally mounted on a sturdy, heavy M.S. stand duly painted or Stainless steel tubular stand
Chamber & Boiler (Steam Generator) are constructed from S.S. 304 Grade.
Lid (single piece door) made of stainless steel tightened by Radial Locking System.
Sealing of Lid by Neoprene Rubber Gasket.
Chamber Insulated by Mineral/Glass Wool to minimize the heat losses and is covered by polished stainless steel sheet.
Fitted with pressure gauge, safety valve, and steam release valve.
Sterilizing Temperature up to 134 C.
Sterilizing pressure : 1.2 to 1.5 kg/cm2 (15 psi to 22psi)
Hydraulically Tested up to 40 psi.
These Autoclaves work on the principle of downward displacement of air which is the most economical method of obtaining sterilization.
Fitted with separate valves for injecting the steam into the main chamber.
Fitted with Automatic Vacuum Breaker to break the vacuum in case of formation of vacuum due to steam condensation.
Fitted with Automatic Low Water Level Cut-off Device for Prevention of Heaters
Voltage: 220 Volts AC (50 Hz).
to know which autoclave you need !